Introduction to Indonesia
The Republic of Indonesia is an archipelago of over 13,400 islands in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Over 238 million people live in Indonesia, making it the world's fourth most populous country. For centuries, Indonesia has been an important trade route, and the rich natural resources of the region have continued to draw trade throughout modern history.
Indonesia is known for its distinctively diverse culture, with hundreds of languages and ethnic groups throughout the islands. It also has the world's second highest level of biodiversity and plenty of wilderness and jungle areas that make it a beautiful place to visit.
What Is the Law System in Indonesia?
Indonesia's legal system follows the civil law system primarily. The diversity of the country brings customary law to many aspects of the system, and some Roman Dutch Law is also mixed into the system. The country's civil code largely follows Dutch colonial traditions, and its first law school was started by the Dutch.
Study Law in Indonesia
What Is a Law Degree in Indonesia?
The Indonesian law degree comes in three tiers. The first, which is equivalent to a Bachelor of Law, is called the "Sarjana Hukum/S.H." This can be attained directly out of high school. The second tier involves the specialties the legal professional will study. This is called "Magister Hukum/M.H.", or Master in Law. Sometimes it is called the "Megister Kenotariatan/M.Kn.", or Master in Notary. Finally, the third tier is the Doctor in Law. The first tier is required for any legal profession
Law Higher Education in Indonesia
The basic first tier law degree requires four to seven years of study in Indonesia. The amount of time the second and third tiers take depends largely on the course of study and the amount of courses per semester that he student is able to take. In order to become an Advocate or lawyer in Indonesia, students must attend a one to two month Advocate Special Course and pass the Bar exam.
The academic year in Indonesia does not follow any set schedule, but some schools follow an odd and even semester program. Odd semesters run from September through January. Even semesters run from February to June. These dates correlate with the religious holidays of some of the major religious groups in the country.
Legal studies in Indonesia happen at the country's major universities or law schools, which are found on the larger islands and main urban districts of the country. While each school has its own rules and regulations, the study is rigorous, and testing throughout the program to show that the student is able to complete the course of study is common.
The cost for a law degree in Indonesia will vary depending on the length of the program and the university chosen. State universities have fees that are very low, but private universities have higher fees. The typical student will spend around US $4,500 for a semester of coursework in Indonesia.
Studying law in Indonesia opens the door to a lifetime of service in a growing country with a huge population. An Indonesian law degree may also open the door for legal work in other smaller countries throughout Oceania and Asia. Students who choose to study law in Indonesia will get an introduction to the rich culture of the islands and gain a deeper understanding of the culture of its various people groups.
Student visa for Indonesia
All foreign students accepted to study in an Indonesian university need to get a student visa. There are two types of student visas available:
- Social visit visa - single-entry, best for exchange students.
- Limited stay visa - for long-term studies only.
At some Indonesian embassies (e.g. Finland, Austria) it has been possible to apply for the Visa Type 211 (Tourist Visa). This visa can be converted into a sponsored Social Visit Visa upon arriving in Indonesia. Inquire at your local Indonesian embassy for the possibility of applying for this visa.
It is best to apply for the visa at the Indonesian embassy or consulate in your home country. The Indonesian Immigration department now also allows for an online visa application through their website.
Required documents for a student visa to Indonesia include your passport with at least one empty page for the visa (the passport must be valid for at least 6 months after leaving Indonesia), a copy of your airline ticket or an electronic ticket, the official acceptance letter from the host university, and an Embassy Letter. Embassy Letters, prepared by the host university, confirm that a certain student is in need of a Social Visit visa. An Embassy Letter is always addressed to the Indonesian embassy or consulate of a certain country: by default this will be the student’s home country.
It is recommended to apply for a student visa at least 14 days before leaving for Indonesia. It is best to apply for a visa immediately after receiving the official acceptance letter.
You must arrive in Indonesia within 90 days from the day the visa was issued on.
The maximum length of a stay in Indonesia with a Social Visit visa is 60 days, and the visa must be extended at the destination in accordance with the instructions given by the host university. The visa can be extended for one month at a time.
The Limited stay visa is valid for 5 years and needs a renewal every 1 year.